What is Fibromyalgia and How to Relieve Symptoms

Fibromyalgia is a very common chronic pain disorder that causes pain in various parts of the body that has no cure.

Although there is no cure, treatment helps increase the quality of life, allowing you to walk and work without having such frequent bouts of pain. Fibromyalgia affects both men and women, but is more common in females between the ages of 30 and 55.

Treatment Options for Fibromyalgia

1. Taking medicine for pain and depression

To relieve body pain, your doctor may recommend taking analgesics and anti-inflammatories like Tramadol. However, these medications are not always effective, so your doctor may prescribe antiparkinsonian medications such as Pramipexole and antidepressants such as Fluoxetine that also help decrease pain by acting on the central nervous system.

In addition, the psychiatrist may also recommend medications to reduce anxiety, depression and sleep problems such as Amitriptyline and Zolpidem and in some cases may also recommend pregabalin or gabapentin to relieve the tingling sensation.

Physiotherapy

3. Perform physical activity

Physical activity is also important, but follow the instructions of the doctor and the physical educator, performing in most cases exercises that help relieve pain and strengthen and stretch muscles, such as walking, swimming and water aerobics, doing about 3 to 5 times a week, for 30 to 60 minutes.

5. Do acupuncture

Also natural treatments like acupuncture, which consists of the application of needles in specific points of the body to relieve pain, however still does not have a consensus on its usefulness and therapeutic action in the fibromialgia and, therefore, may have resulted in some patients and not others.

5. Eat more magnesium, potassium and omega 3

In case you have fibromyalgia it is important to make a diet that includes foods with:

  • Magnesium , such as avocado, artichoke and seeds: help relax muscles and improves circulation;
  • Potassium , such as banana, apple, beet and peas: help prevent muscle weakness and cramps;
  • Omega 3 , such as sardines, salmon and chia seeds or nuts: have anti-inflammatory action and relieve symptoms of pain.

In addition, one can make a natural juice with cabbage and orange and take about 2 times a day as its properties help tone the muscles.

Symptoms of Fibromyalgia

The main symptoms of fibromyalgia include:

  • Pain throughout the body, difficult to define what is hurting, but is more evident in the muscles;
  • Sleep disturbances, waking up with the feeling that did not sleep;
  • Frequent tiredness and drowsiness;
  • Tingling sensation in hands and feet.
  • Intestinal changes such as diarrhea and constipation;
  • Anxiety and symptoms of depression;
  • Hard muscles;
  • Headache and dizziness;
  • Change in attention, concentration, and memory loss.

Some patients report that the pain is so intense that they can not be hugged or caressed because the pain becomes unbearable and usually are more intense in the morning.



Main points of pain

The pain, despite being generalized, is stronger when one presses on some sites known as painful spots of fibromyalgia, as can be observed in the image.

What can cause seizures

The symptoms of fibromyalgia worsen causing seizures and the pain is more intense to the touch or when one does physical activity of exaggerated form.

In addition, stress, changes in weather and nights that are not well spent or a few hours of sleep lead to symptoms.

How is the diagnosis made?

The diagnosis of fibromyalgia should be made by the rheumatologist and is done by describing the signs and symptoms. It usually includes the presence of severe pain in 3 to 6 different areas of the body for 3 months or less severe pain in 7 or more different areas of the body also that lasts for at least 3 months.

In addition, your doctor may recommend tests to rule out diseases that have symptoms similar to fibromyalgia.

Does fibromyalgia give right to retirement?

In some cases, fibromyalgia may give right to retirement, but it must be proven by the medical expert, through a skill scheduled in the INSS, and some specific requirements must be met.

In addition, the patient may also benefit from the sickness benefit during the time that he is unable to work because of the fibromyalgia crisis.

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